Partners in Flight estimates their global breeding population to be 300,000 with 35% spending some part of the year in the U.S., 15% in Canada, and 3% in Mexico. Lustrous gold feathers gleam on the back of its head and neck; a powerful beak and talons advertise its hunting prowess. Both parents care for the eggs and chicks, and alternate between brooding and feeding. Golden eagle pairs maintain territories that may be as large as 60 square miles. [/av_toggle] [av_toggle title=’How large are Golden Eagle Nests’ tags=” av_uid=’av-1i13g4w’] The nests of Golden Eagles are very large, and average between 5 – 6′ across and 2′ high. You're most likely to see this eagle in western North America, soaring on steady wings or diving in pursuit of the jackrabbits and other small mammals that are its main prey. 2002). For some time, the largest known mass authenticated for a wild female was the specimen from the A. c. chrysaetos subspecies which weighed around 6.7 kg (15 lb) and spanned 2.55 m (8 ft 4 in) across the wings. Golden eagle males mate by taking a rock up into the air, dropping it, and then catching it in mid-air. About 40-45 days after mating, the female golden eagle lays 2-4 eggs. Golden eagles build their nests on a wide variety of substrates ranging from cliffs and rock outcrops to trees and human-made structures. Golden Eagles use their agility and speed combined with extremely powerful talons to snatch up a variety of prey, including rabbits, marmots, ground squirrels, and large mammals such as foxes and young ungulates. Golden Eagles are rare to locally uncommon in their range in west Texas (Lockwood and Freeman 2004). The availability of suitable nest substrates can, however, limit the density and distribution of golden eagle breeding territories in some landscapes. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Reproduction of the Golden Eagle. Also, during extreme weather conditions or abundance of food, wintering adults tend to congregate in groups. Male and female eagles mate for life; once a pair has established a home territory, it stays there from year to year However; eagles in the far north are migratory, flying to warmer lowlands farther south to avoid the winter Although there are a few records of birds actively fighting over disputed territories, the golden eagle has often been observed making undulating display flights near the boundaries of its territory, … Golden eagle pairs maintain territories that may be as large as 60 square miles (155 square kilometers). Breeding. The chicks can fledge (grow wings large enough for flight) anywhere between 66 and 81 days after hatching. The golden eagle is the second heaviest breeding eagle in North America, Europe and Africa and the fourth heaviest in Asia. Sometimes a Golden Eagle pair will alternate between two nests, swapping out from one year to the next. STATUS. The nests are bulky piles of sticks, bracken and heather, lined with grasses. Golden Eagles generally start breeding after acquiring adult plumage at 5 years of age (Harrison 1979, Kochert et al. The female then does the same with a clump of Earth or a small stick. Golden eagles can be either sedentary or migratory. This display is only done once in the life of the pair, unlike bald eagles who repeat courtship every year. The golden eagle usually builds its nest, or eyrie, high up on a rocky crag up to 610m (2,000ft) above sea-level, although some eagles nest in trees. The Golden Eagle is one of the largest, fastest, nimblest raptors in North America. They are monogamous and may remain with their mate for several years or possibly for life. These birds hunt in pairs, cooperating with each other: usually, one of them chases the prey, driving it towards the waiting partner. 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