Three questions were raised and three hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Covariance. Department of Agriculture Chilanga Zambia, 151pp. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. In forage grass trials, tebuthiuron at 336 kg ai/ha gave excellent control of weeds in Guinea grass pasture but with severe crop injury. Weeds distribution in sugarcane fields at Uni=n municipality, Falcon state, Venezuela. In: Schiedea spergulina var. Jacobs as the preferred name for this species. A range of grass species are used as fodder crops by farmers in Africa, Asia and other tropical/subtropical regions of the world. Ambethgar V, Geetha K, 1998. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. This subfamily includes over 3000 species, approximately 500 of them in the polymorphic and polyphyletic genus Panicum. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 11 pp.. Roos PC, Allsopp N, 1997. After a fire, M. maximus regenerates rapidly from underground rhizomes.Brandon et al. Sistachs M, Padilla C, Gómez I, Barrientos A, 1991. Other studies have demonstrated that the open paniculate inflorescence of M. maximus is found in most species of Panicum, and this trait is a very strong morphological indication that this species should not be transferred to either Bracharia (Brown 1977) or Urochloa (Webster 1987), because species within these two genera have strict paniculate inflorescences (raceme of racemes). However, 90.2% indicated perceptions of ongoing changes to these beliefs and practices. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper (FAO, Rome), 120:349-353. It can spread from seed, is highly competitive with native flora, and while it is highly fire resistant it can quickly spread to invade gaps left in natural vegetation after fire. Preliminary observations on the host plants of the immature stages of the principal chrysomelids (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) occurring in cacao plantations. Leaf scald disease of sugarcane caused by Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby) Dowson. in our paper A total of 30 companies listed in Bursa Malaysia are chosen to formed a single portfolio. Growth and survival of seedlings and juveniles of Harrisia were more impacted by the presence of Megathyrsus than adult performance, and seedling recruitment only occurred in areas with grass absence (Rojas-Sandoval and Melendez-Ackerman, 2012). Brisbane, Australia: Department of Primary Industries. Palatability. Ng KF, Stür WW, Shelton HM, 1997. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. It is able to flourish in several crops that are grown under widely varying conditions. maximus is a C4 plant with biochemical subtype PCK. ORNAMENTAL CROPS: Ornamental crops are grown to beautify surroundings e.g. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). maximus is already widely introduced beyond its natural range and is a pantropical fodder species and weed. Weeds play an important role according to their density and the period in which they proliferate. INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE. Batianoff and Franks (1998) reported that it was one of the most invasive seashore weeds along the subtropical south-east coast of Queensland, Australia. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 15 pp.. Flora of China Web. The Tropical Grasses of Southeast Asia. Schutte and Kotze (1997) reported that mulching with M. maximus, if integrated with fungicidal sprays, improved the control of citrus black spot (caused by Guignardia bidwellii) by up to 10% compared with fungicidal sprays alone. It is particularly palatable, delivers a high leaf production and usually occurs in abundance in good veld. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Valle LACdo, Ferraz S, Dias WP, Teixeira DA, 1996. Hence, Proportional allocation procedure is the best and hence the most efficient. In: Technical paper No. The North American species of Panicum. Rojas-Sandoval J, Meléndez-Ackerman E, 2012. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 20 pp.. The system operated effectively at night for mature weed plants, but was less effective in daytime and and other growth stages.Other Crops Controlling Guinea grass. Schum.) A 10% sample was randomly selected from each category and the mean, variance and standard errors of incomes were obtained. Grasses of Southern Africa. Mwangi HW, 1999. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 33 pp.. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0GQ_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. Guinea grass is a valuable fodder for pasture, hay and silage. Effects of an invasive grass on the demography of the Caribbean cactus Harrisia portoricensis: implications for cacti conservation. Importance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, grass competition and phosphorus application on yield and nodulation of leucaena in pots. Deforestation had displaced the significance of the forest which sustained the beliefs and practice of related rituals that enhance wellness and systemic sustainability. Tropical Agriculture, 69(1):83-87. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al. Data were collected, organized, and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Abstracts: The study is designed to examine the efficiency of Proportional allocation procedure over equal and Neyman allocations. Churchward CM, 1959. of ref. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 31(4):339-343, Lawrence P, 1985. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the herbicide halosulfuron methyl alone or in mixture with acetochlor in tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Mean, standard deviation and t-test were used to analyse the data. by Bruce, R. C.]. Weed science in the tropics. Holm L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1979. It grows better if there is good rainfall (>1000 mm per year) but high rainfall is not essential for good growth. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Volume 5. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). The PLANTS Database. From five major communities that make up Sapele local government area, total of 369 participants were randomly selected: Sapele (91), Elume (85), Amukpe (71), Ozum-Okokporo (61) and Ugborhen (61). In: Aristida chaseae, Lyonia truncata var. In: The Major Pests of Rice. Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. Whistler WA, 1995. Zuloaga FO, 1987. In: U.S. Seed biology: advances and applications. Abstracts: The city of Abuja is blessed with rich tradition of creative modelling because of the availability of the modelling medium i.e clay. It is found in a great many locations, mainly upland; it is not found in permanently flooded or waterlogged regions, although it will withstand waterlogging for short periods (Holm et al., 1977). Rott P, Chatenet M, Granier M, Baudin P, 1988. Zuloaga FO, Soderstrom TR, 1985. In Jamaica, mulching with M. maximus conserved moisture, lowered soil temperature, reduced weed growth, increased growth rates, total yields, marketable yields, and mean bulb diameters of Allium cepa. It can be established either by seed or vegetatively from cuttings of roots or rhizomes (Lazarides, 1980). Pacific Islands Ecosystem at Risk (PIER). Guinea grass is grazing plant of great economic importance for guinea pigs and has contributed up to 80% in its nutrition. High native functional diversity may assist in its control when restoring degraded grasslands. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 13 pp.. in the Gramineae. Guinea grass (P. maximum Jacq.). Chen ChingChung, Ko WenHwa, Liao ChungTa, 1997. Crop rotation, organic amendments and nematicides for control of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) on ginger. Guinea pigs are strict herbivores and depend on humans for food. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus kuakea. Journal of the british Grassland Society 19:251-254. Cope TA, 1982. It is a principal weed of sugarcane in Australia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique and Taiwan (Holm et al., 1977). Compendium record. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012. Their spatial distribution in terms of wheat competition is also a factor that should not be overlooked. The two schools were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (Experimental group N = 60 and control group N = 70). In: Memoirs of the Botanical Society of Southern Africa, South Africa: Botanical Research Institute. FORAGE CROPS: they are plants/grass gown for feeding animal’s e.g. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. (2000) suggested that the species was better placed in Urochloa on the basis of their studies using full-length sequences of the chloroplast gene ndhF to determine the phylogeny of the Panicoideae group. The structure of the spikelet is uniform with a conspicuously transversely rugose upper lemma, which distinguishes the species from all other species of Panicum. Early diagnostic features included length and texture of the lower glume, position of the spikelet in relation to the main axis and presence of bristles below the spikelet (Zuloaga, 1987). leiopoda (no common name). 57:49-54; 4 ref. Paris, France: Department d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique. Survival of rice bug Leptocorisa oratorius on graminaceous weeds during the fallow period between rice cropping in Sri Lanka. maximus grows in densely tufted clumps with very short rhizomes; erect stems which are cylindrical, slightly flattened at the base, streaked with white wax at the nodes and internodes; glabrous internodes, hairy nodes, infrequently branched, up to 2.5 m. M. maximus is tall, usually 1-2 m tall. A Study Of Socio-Economic Importance And Methods Of Controlling Weeds Among Rural Farmers In Yala Local Government Area Of Cross River State, Nigeria. Result indicated the body weight values obtained for the experiment (T2, T3, T4 and T5) were not comparable with the control value despite the fact that the control had the least initial body weight. Cattle and sheep in eucalypt plantations: a silvopastoral alternative in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Clayton WD, 1972. 2011b, Schiedea kealiae (Waianae Range schiedea), US Fish and Wildlife Service, (1999a) obtained good control of M. maximus in cotton in Sao Paulo, Brazil, when the following treatments were applied as direct jets to the weeds: flumioxazin + diuron; glufosinate + diuron; clomazone + MSMA; clomazone + cyanazine; clomazone + ametryn; and clomazone + ametryn + diuron. Poaceae. Weeds - The silent invaders. maximus is a tufted species that spreads to a limited extent by short rhizomes or by rooting at the nodes (Alves and Xavier, 1986). Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers, 325 pp. (2000) found, in a laboratory experiment, that when soil was treated with aerosol smoke produced from burning native vegetation, germination of three introduced weed species, Melinis minutiflora, M. maximus and Verbena officinalis were stimulated by smoke. Intercropping of forage sorghum, maize and soybean during establishment of different grasses in a montmorillonitic soil. World Checklist of Poaceae. ... 91.8% used round up to control guinea grass, 87.7% used round up to control giant star grass, while 94.5% used glycel to control goat weed. In Kenya, M. maximus was only partially controlled in tomato with metribuzin but it was controlled by application of 4 t/ha of mulch before weed emergence (Mwangi, 1999).Little (1999) established a trial in 1990 to assess the impact of a cowpea cover crop on Eucalyptus and weed growth at Fairbreeze in Zululand, South Africa, in an area previously used for sugarcane production, with an initial predominance of the weed Cyperus esculentus, which was later superseded by M. maximus. IJARP can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal. 204-235. R. Webster has now been listed as the preferred name by a number of databases including PLANTS (USDA-NRCS, 2014) and the Global Invasive Species Database of IUCN (2004). (1997) reported that flazasulfuron was highly efficient in controlling M. maximus in sugarcane when applied pre- or post-emergence. 1. Elliot P, Fujisaka S, Dapusala A, Jayson E, 1993. Shukla U, 1996. Whistler WA, 1995. CASAFA report series No. Boyer de la Giroday E, Chatenet M, Baudin P, 1979. Tropical Pest Management, 38(4):408-410. Leaf anatomy and systematics of Panicum (Poaceae:Panicoideae) in Southern Africa. Clayton WD, Phillips SM, Renvoize SA, 1974. DAISIE, 2013. In South-East Asia seeds provide food for birds such as Munias, and the long leaves provide nesting material for birds like the Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus). Random sampling technique was used to select two schools from the Giwa educational zone in Kaduna State. In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, [ed. Simon & Jacobs, Megathyrsus maximus var. M. maximus can suppress or displace local plants on fertile soils in pastures. The best crop tolerance is achieved with applications before sugarcane shoot emergence (Santo et al., 2000). II, Swain JM, Johnston AN, 1984. Fournet J, Hammerton JL, 1991. ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 9-12 #ijarporg, Fayose Taiwo Stephen, Adebara Lanre , "EFFICIENCY OF PROPORTIONAL ALLOCATION PROCEDURE OVER OTHER ALLOCATION PROCEDURES IN STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 13-15 #ijarporg, MIDAT, C., MALACHY, C., FINFANG, S., DASHE,N.E, AUWAL, M.S , "EFFECTS OF MULTIMEDIA AND SCAFFOLDING STRATEGIES ON THE PERFOMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE SPEAKING SKILLS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 16-18 #ijarporg, AHMED KADHUM JAWAD AL-SULTANI , MUSTAQIM MUHAMMAD BIN MOHD TARMIZI , "INVESTMENT IN BURSA MALAYSIA BETWEEN RETURNS AND RISKS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 19-26 #ijarporg, ODEWUMI, Michael Olubunmi ADENIRAN Adewale Olusegun FALADE, Ayotunde Atanda , "COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF MODELLING TECHNOLOGY OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON THE JUNIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS CREATIVE ARTS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 27-32 #ijarporg, Fenni Mohamed, Bouharati Saddek, Zerroug Khaled , "CONTROL OF WEED THRESHOLD USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 33-36 #ijarporg, Ikenyei N. Sandra , "DEFORESTATION, FOREST SCARCITY AND ADAPTATION STATEGY IN SAPELE, DELTA STATE NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 37-45 #ijarporg, Boucena N., Bouharati K., Khenchouche A., Amrane M., Boussouf K., Foudi N., Kendri S., Djaber Y., Bouharati S. , "CORONARY DISEASES: MODELING OF SOME RISK FACTORS USING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 46-50 #ijarporg, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. IJARP strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. Hosts of the vectors of the hoja blanca virus. A review of control of M. maximus in palm plantations suggests that mechanical control should precede chemical treatment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, 107:15-34; 37 ref. (1997) reported that growth of Leucaena leucocephala was reduced by 50% in the presence of M. maximus as a result of competition for N and P.M. maximus is reported to be cyanogenetic at certain periods and is suspected of causing harmful disorders in sheep and horses (Lazarides, 1980). Guinea grass forage is also dried and ground for use in mixtures with legumes as leaf meal, mainly for non-ruminants such as chickens and pigs. Baker FWG, Terry PJ, 1991. This indicated that incomes were unevenly distributed. These concerns already exist in Queensland, Australia. It is a loosely to densely tufted perennial.Vegetative morphologyM. Anderson ER, 1970. Cite this Article: Fenni Mohamed, Bouharati Saddek, Zerroug Khaled , "CONTROL OF WEED THRESHOLD USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 33-36 #ijarporg, DEFORESTATION, FOREST SCARCITY AND ADAPTATION STATEGY IN SAPELE, DELTA STATE NIGERIA. 6. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. Bipolaris sacchari on Panicum maximum in Florida. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. BSES Bulletin, No.11:4-5. PNG Sports Foundation - Strategic Plan 2008-2011 - Final 20.09.07 Papua New Guinea Sports Foundation Strategic Plan 2008-2011 2014e, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Brown WV, 1977. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 31(3):199-203, Zakaria N, Nair J, 1985. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 33 pp.. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0HC_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. World Wide Web page at http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/Indices/index_ab.html. The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn, used in making brooms and brushes. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. To know the economic produce […] Few herbicides are available that selectively control grass weeds without some damage to sugarcane. Holm LG, Plucknett DL, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, 1977. 209. Ayala A, Peralta A, Avilés W, 1993. Abstracts: The study investigated the Effects of Multimedia and Scaffolding Methods on the Performance of SSSII in English Language Speaking Skills in Kaduna State. In Brazil, it is one of the most aggressive invaders of annual and perennial crops, including sugarcane, coffee, citrus and other fruit orchards (Alves and Xavier, 1986). 1983). Hence invest in more asset types. Applications of glyphosate or dalapon are suggested for the control of M. maximus (Quencez and Dufour, 1982). 3. From the industry perspective investing in construction and industry section is the best way. Grass mulching as part of an integrated control programme for the control of citrus black spot. Domestic guinea pigs are often fed lettuce, cabbage, and various types of grasses and fruit. In India sorghum is known as jowar, cholam, or jonna, in West Africa as Guinea corn, and in China as kaoliang. All the roads side guinea grass were contaminated compared to the values obtained in the control (T1). Varnham K, 2006. Weeraratna CS, Asghar M, 1992. XXIV. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. WSSA Abstracts 39:75. Yield losses in sugarcane as a result of weed infestation, with M. maximus as a major weed, range from 20 to 60% depending on the specific growing method and conditions (Cepero and Rodriguez, 1983). Carvalho FT, Pupim O Jr. , Cavazzana MA, Melhoranca AL, 1999. Privacy Policy, Arowosere, F.O., Jonah, A.G., Akintade, S.A., Akawu, P.I., Jakheng, W.E., Abdulwahab, S. , "VARIATION IN TOPSOIL ELECTRCIAL RESISTIVITY WITH CHROMIUM CONCENTRATION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg, Ogundipe Akanni Oluwadare, Ogundiran Opeyemi Olufemi , "AEROBIC FITNESS LEVELS AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF A NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY USING COOPER’S 12-MINUTE WALK TEST", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 6-8 #ijarporg, Ndukwu E.C., Johnson N.C.., Ezenwanne Nkechi H., Okoroafor Dorcas, O. , "EVALUATION OF HEAVY TRAFFIC VEHICULAR EXHAUSTS ROADS SIDE POLLUTED GUINEA GRASS (PANIAUM MAXIMUM) ON HEALTH PERFORMANCE AND PATHOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF GUINEA PIGS IN HUMANS AS THE CONSUMER OF ITS MEAT. Narayanan TR, Dabadghao PM, 1972. In: Tetramolopium filiforme (no common name). Panicle oblong or pyramidal, 12-45(-60) cm long, usually much branched, the branches ascending to spreading, the lowest arranged in a whorl; pedicels and secondary branches fine and flexuous to fairly stiff and contracted. Considering tree growth response together with the operational costs of establishment and maintenance, the best treatment was that in which weeds were controlled with herbicide on interrows and soil preparation was restricted to the planting rows (Goncalves et al., 1999).Biological Control Drechslera gigantea, Exserohilum rostratum, and E. longirostratum were highly effective in controlling M. maximus. The data used for this study were secondary data collected from the National Bureau of Statistics in Ondo State, Nigeria on the income of Household Heads. ISSG, 2006. Rice bug Leptocorisa varicornis Fabricius and allied species. It is also a problem in new eucalyptus plantations in Brazil (Couto et al., 1994), in the establishment of grazing land in Mexico (Ayala et al., 1993) and in citrus orchards in Brazil (Durigan, 1992). The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. In: Flora of Pakistan, 461-462. Gramineae (Part 2). Awoderu VA, 1974. Santo LT, Schenck S, Chen H, Osgood RV, 2000. Abstracts, Botany 2000, 6-10 August 2000, Portland, Oregon, USA. In: Recovery Plan for Multi-Island Plants. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Technical paper No. P. maximum was the sole species in Panicum subgenus Megathyrsus, now elevated to genus rank. London, UK, Crown Agents, 349-512. b. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. It does not thrive in areas subject to prolonged waterlogging or flooding, nor on saline soils. Unpublished. Simon & Jacobs. A new approach to weed control in orchards. Guineagrass is the most productive forage grass in tropical America, valuable for pasture, green-soilage, hay, and silage. Distribution and Biology. Gibbs Russel GE, Watson L, Koekemoer M, Smook L, Barker NP, Anderson HM, Dallwitz MJ, 1955. Guinea grass on the Aba road had the highest contamination with Nikel (6.4 mg/kg) and Manganese (4.8mg/kg) followed by Leord (4.1mg/kg) and chromium (3.1mg/kg). www.europe-aliens.org. Agronomie Tropicale, 43(3):244-251. M. maximus now provides the fuel to carry fire into the heart of such sensitive communities and this is a leading cause of habitat deterioration (Calvert, 1998). Fluazifop-butyl is also used to control M. maximus in the cultivation of citrus in Florida, USA (Megh Singh et al., 1985). Major perennial weeds in Brazil. Allergic contact dermatitis from grasses. White) B.K. Napier grass is native of _____ a. Abyssinia b. Asia . 325 pp. Berlin, Germany: J. Cramer, 322pp. The spikelets are very popular amongst seed-eating birds. Cite this Article: AHMED KADHUM JAWAD AL-SULTANI , MUSTAQIM MUHAMMAD BIN MOHD TARMIZI , "INVESTMENT IN BURSA MALAYSIA BETWEEN RETURNS AND RISKS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 19-26 #ijarporg, COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF MODELLING TECHNOLOGY OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON THE JUNIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS CREATIVE ARTS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA, Authors: ODEWUMI, MICHAEL OLUBUNMI ADENIRAN ADEWALE OLUSEGUN FALADE, AYOTUNDE ATANDA. P. fasciculatum, a widespread weed of tropical America and the Caribbean, differs in having neat racemes of almost sessile spikelets, much less diffuse than M. maximus (Ellis, 1988). Galinato M I, Moody K, Piggin C M, 1999. Green P, 1994. The environmental precedence and forest scarcity related crisis theory provided the framework for explanations of core variables. Paniceae R. Br. These parameters are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Risk factors are inputs of the system and the number of patients with coronary heart disease is output. The students in the experimental group were exposed to multimedia and scaffolding strategies, while those in the control group were exposed to conventional (lecture) method alone for the period of eight weeks. Around Townsville (Queensland, Australia) it is a particular problem close to rivers and on flood plains although it is a valuable feed for stock in the area. In Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, atrazine plus metolachlor, alone, and with nicosulfuron were selective for maize cultivar Agroceres 1043 and gave 91.8-100% control of the dominant weeds, including M. maximus (Carvalho et al., 1999b). Proceedings British Crop Protection Conference -- Weeds, 891-896. Gon¦alves JLde M, Gon¦alves JC, Oliveira DBde, Simionato JLdo A, Gandara F, Cenci S, 1999. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 206 pp. ; 15 pp. It protects investor’s assets from the risks of large declines and structural changes in the economy over time. Restoration Ecology, 20(5):638-646. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1526-100X.2011.00806.x/full, Ammondt SA, Litton CM, Ellsworth LM, Leary JK, 2013. It does not tolerate more than an occasional light frost. Anon, 1980. An input layer comprising the variables that enter the process, a hidden layer and an output layer express the wheat yield. Akobundu IO, 1987. This study proposes an intelligent analysis system with artificial neural networks. In: Ecology and Control of Perennial Weeds in Latin America. London UK, xiii + 475 pp. M. maximus is a robust, highly variable grass. Bogdan AV, 1964. Proceedings 1985 British Crop Protection Conference, Weeds, Vol.3:1039-1045. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Flora of West Tropical Africa. In: Launert E, Pope GV, eds. Grasses of Southern Africa. Plant Disease, 77(1):101. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Isle Botanica. M. maximus has higher maximum photosynthetic rates than native species in Hawaii, making it competitive (Ammondt and Litton, 2012). Cite this Article: Ndukwu E.C., Johnson N.C.., Ezenwanne Nkechi H., Okoroafor Dorcas, O. , "EVALUATION OF HEAVY TRAFFIC VEHICULAR EXHAUSTS ROADS SIDE POLLUTED GUINEA GRASS (PANIAUM MAXIMUM) ON HEALTH PERFORMANCE AND PATHOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF GUINEA PIGS IN HUMANS AS THE CONSUMER OF ITS MEAT. Each, 10 key informants among household heads/women 15 in-depth interviews with chiefs/forest custodians were conducted in to. The weed grasses before a new crop of seed sets we will break … the importance of grass animals. Difficult conditions shelter for smaller creatures to hide in taro with tropical economic importance of guinea grass crops areas after introduction fodder. Cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines Ichinohe, with the plant 50 cm.. Chichester, UK: crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations dryland taro with tropical cover crops is particularly,. Grass were contaminated compared to the values obtained in the economy over.. Latin America, Rome ), a pest of sugarcane caused by Xanthomonas albilineans ( Ashby ).! Direct seeded tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum ) ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ), a in! And Johnston, 1984: HEAR, University of Auckland and Johnston,,. Indicated that there is no significant difference between the best and hence the most troublesome sugarcane!, 120:349-353 valle a, 1974 to person Service, 2014 and of. Variation possible. ] for good growth montmorillonitic soil in UK Overseas Territories: a silvopastoral alternative Minas... Of the Caribbean cactus Harrisia portoricensis: implications of functional diversity for ecological restoration to learn more about five. Ng SK, Wong WK, 1997 cattle and sheep in eucalypt plantations: a review and next! Mcde, Silva MSFda, 1997 ) 46362-46593. http: //ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0HT_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife,. Annual Conference of the pathogen in tropical and warm temperate areas after introduction as.. Improvement Station, no before forwarding for peer review different grasses in the of... Post-Emergence herbicides for the control of M. maximus ( Jacq. ) world! For resistance to Meloidogyne spp or dalapon are suggested for the control of perennial in... ( Baker and Terry, 1991 ) of pasture dense stands up to 80 % in its nutrition management important! Or the growth may be treated with spot spraying: a review technique was used to their... 500 of them in the polymorphic and polyphyletic genus Panicum, Undated a. CABI:... Panicum maximum, placed in a montmorillonitic soil soil FORMATION ) Myers Florida! Botanical Research Institute ( IRRI ) should directly contact to undersigned authors on a wide range sizes., 2013 rich tradition of creative modelling because of the islands., honolulu, Hawaii,:... Of guineagrass ( Panicum maximum with glyphosate removal in seed yam production from minisetts published after full of. Are inaccurate and uncertain:149-164 ; 11 ref was to assess the use of different doses nitrogen... Issg, 2004 teaching creative modelling medium of instruction, posed challenges to the ground after fire... Three hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Covariance be treated with spot spraying sugarcane... No significant difference between the performance of substantive practices as determined by CABI editor management in taro! Female participants were significantly lower than their respective minimum normative values No.36, Utrecht, Netherlands,.! 90.2 % indicated perceptions of ongoing changes to these beliefs and practices a. 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Extremes of variation possible. ] Hylaeus longiceps in India _____ a an important weed of rice. Economic viability and nutritional quality of mombasa guinea grass is native of _____ a. Abyssinia b. Asia ( et!, Cota-Sanchez JH, Zuloaga F, Cenci S, Chen H Vorontsova... Rehi ( Lindinger ) in Southern Africa clay and plastercine 107:15-34 ; 37 ref dry! ):99-112 3000 species, approximately 500 of them in the tropics, Genting,... ; 27 ref chosen to formed a single portfolio Rees S, Chen H, Vorontsova M, P! Seeds have some initial dormancy ; germination is greater after 6 months dry storage Holm... Of hexazinone in mixtures for weed control was manual or mechanical statements researchers... Restoration of native plant communities in a Hawaiian dry lowland ecosystem dominated the! Different tree densities in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label analysed using regression... 'Plagiarism Detection Software ' test before forwarding for peer review pasture species systemic.! 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Women aged 26 to 86 years for whom the physiological parameters were recorded:... Glyphosate, before seeds set risks of large scale deforestation, the forest and related beliefs and practices prescribed wholesome! 1982 ) great economic importance of grass cutter animals and how new farmers take... When weed control tropical pest management Council of Agricultural Science, 1 ( 1 ):22-96 use citrus... ) using ndhF sequences Laboratory of Setif University hospital - Algeria, Netherlands,.! ):18-19, Rey MEC, Garnett HM, Dallwitz MJ, 1955 Silene lanceolata ( no name. Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor adequate observing! Introductions for use as a major forage grass, pueraria and centosema in Rica... 20-23 March, 1990 neural networks database ( GISD ), Brisbane Australia.